where is damascus

Since the advent of Islam, the city has also been the starting point of the northern pilgrimage road, the Darb al-Hajj al-ShāmÄ«, to the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina. Currently, a total of seven of the foreign terrorist organizations on the State Department's terrorism list are headquartered in Damascus. Later developments followed a plan originally devised by the French during the mandate period (1920–46), with a number of revisions attempted thereafter. Behold, Damascus is taken away from being a city, and it shall be a ruinous heap. The development of affluent residential suburbs in the 1990s added precious new parks and gardens in the north, northwest, and southeast of the city, yet more than half of the city’s green space has been lost since 1945. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Excavations in 1950 demonstrated that an urban centre existed in the 4th millennium bce at Tall al-Ṣālḥiyyah, southeast of Damascus. The cities of Aroer will be deserted and left to flocks, which will lie down, with no one to make them afraid. The Abana and Pharpar rivers water the area. In the 2016 census, Damascus had a population of 97 people. These swords are characterized by distinctive patterns of banding and mottling reminiscent of flowing water, sometimes in a "ladder" or "rose" pattern. It was located at an important junction of trade routes. Damascus, almost defenseless from a military point of view, is the natural mart and factory of inland Syria. It is a rough oblong about 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) long and 3,300 feet (1,000 metres) wide and is defined by historic walls, of which sizeable stretches still stand, especially in the north and west. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. To Damascus, years are only moments, decades are only flitting trifles of time. Discovery of Damascus Steel. 7550 Ramey Rd Centerburg, OH 43011. Temperatures average around 80 °F (27 °C) in midseason, although they occasionally reach 100 °F (38 °C) or above. Damascus, Syria Lat Long Coordinates Info. The Damascus lifestyle is adventurous and creative, yet … one of the most ancient and most important of the cities of Syria. The city’s orthogonal plan deteriorated during the late Byzantine period in the 6th and 7th centuries. Damascus is located in Montgomery County, Maryland, approximately 40 miles from Baltimore, Maryland, to the … Its life has been nourished periodically by immigrants from the hinterland and from the Mediterranean Basin and Southwest Asia. Damascus itself grew on a terrace 2,250 feet (690 metres) above sea level, south of Mount QāsiyÅ«n and overlooking the Baradā River. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Manufacturing, finance, and other services, https://www.britannica.com/place/Damascus, UNESCO World Heritage Convention - Ancient City of Damascus, Damascus - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Damascus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Damascus’s position on the edge of the desert and at the eastern end of the easiest route through the Anti-Lebanon range made it a trade centre where caravan routes originated and terminated. For centuries, this unique forging technique was feared lost to history as all known traditions of creating this superbly crafted, ornate steel disappeared. Its ruins lay up to 8 feet deep under its surface and the Old City is home to Roman era ramparts, gates, the Umayyad Mosque and legendary churches … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. By virtue of its geographical location nearby the eastern foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range it has semi-arid climate. The natural endowments of an assured water supply and fertile land made Damascus self-sufficient. If the "then" in Galatians 1:18 references Saul's return to Damascus, then he spent those three years in Damascus. The part of the Ghuta East of the city is called el-Merj, the "meadow-land" of Damascus. For at least 5,000 years, someone has called Damascus home, and some historians believe the city dates back as far as the seventh millennium BC. Also contended has been the association of Damascus with Jilliq, a fertile pre-Islamic site whose name derives from a word of unknown origin in use by the Ghassānids active there in the 6th century (see Ghassān). Owing to the city’s elevation, winter is rather cold, with average temperatures of around 40 to 45 °F (5 to 7 °C). Damascus /dəˈmæskɪs/ is a census-designated place and once-disincorporated city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. Established in 1867, it was incorporated in 2004 in an effort to enable local land use decision-making control by the community. Owing to associations of Damascus with Aram, the biblical capital of the Aramaeans, some Arabic sources link Damascus and the Iram dhāt al-Ê¿imād (“Colonnaded Aram”) mentioned in the Qurʾān, an identification that has long been disputed. Today, Damascus is the largest city of Syria, with an estimated population of more than 4 million people. You’ll need to match them to their countries. Voices. This vote was found to be against statute and was overturned by the Oregon … Weapons made from Damascus steel were vastly superior to weapons formed from iron! Two axes of development extra-muros, beyond the city walls, predominated. Incorporated in 2004, the city is located east of Happy Valley and Interstate 205 and west of Boring. Damascus is a locality in the Bundaberg Region, Queensland, Australia. Damascus is the capitol Syria, north of Israel. Damascus (Community) is located in New Brunswick (NB) in Canada. Excavations in 1950 demonstrated that an urban centre existed in the 4th millennium bce at Tall al-Ṣālḥiyyah, southeast of Damascus. How is the famous city not forsaken, the city of my joy? Damascus is thought by some scholars to be the oldest continuously settled city in the Middle East and as such would have witnessed scores of different religious cultures. Damascus, almost defenseless from a military point of view, is the natural mart and factory of inland Syria. A popular story about the Prophet Muhammad’s journey to Syria recounts that, upon seeing verdant Damascus, he refused to go in, as man should only enter paradise once. It's a place where kids are active in 4-H and equestrian activities are popular. Sam has a population of six million. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Syria reopens national museum after six years. Stimulated by the appeal of modern housing and amenities, well-to-do families began in the 1930s to move to the area northwest of the Old City, whose magnificent courtyard houses were left to poorer tenants recently arrived from the countryside, or to light industry. Damascus ( /dəmæskɪs/) is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. ISIS had occupied large parts of Syria, then invaded Iraq. Wootz steel, which was the main component of the original Damascus steel, was discovered in ancient times, probably sometime around 3 rd century BC. Therefore her young men shall fall in her squares, and all her soldiers shall … Start at the fifth save point – The Forest: Wildflower Clearing. Omissions? We are a place of stunning natural beauty, where the hills and peaks of the Appalachian Mountains and the murmuring or our creeks inspire you, whether your calling is outdoor adventure, or simply living in an authentic small town. Damascus steel is a famed type of steel recognizable by the watery or wavy light and dark pattern of the metal. The composites banded together to make a Damascus knife necessarily depend on the type of knife and the context in which it is expected and/or intended for use. Today, Damascus is the largest city of Syria, with an estimated population of more than 4 million people. More popularly known as "City of Jasmine", Damascus is the second largest and capital city of Syria. The city had an estimated population of 2,079,000 as of 2019 . Weapons made from Damascus steel were vastly superior to weapons formed from iron! Updates? Upon visiting the city in 1867, Mark Twain wrote. Damascus steel knives come in a variety of type for any number of purposes that range from camping and survival to wood-cutting and hunting. Often a focus of contention by powers of East and West, Damascus’s fortunes have frequently been linked to those of distant capitals, most notably Ashur, Antioch, Rome, Baghdad, Cairo, and Istanbul. It is situated 130 miles northeast of Jerusalem, in a plain of vast size and of extreme fertility, which lies east of the great chain of Anti-Libanus, on the edge of the desert. Damascus, the capital of modern Syria that is located roughly 130 miles (209 kilometers) from Jerusalem, is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited places on earth. Paul's life-changing experience on the Damascus Road led to his baptism and instruction in the Christian faith. Damascus steel is a famed type of steel recognizable by the watery or wavy light and dark pattern of the metal. Damascus is known best as Trail Town USA, where seven nationally known trails intersect within our borders, but we are so much more! It occupies the former location of the decumanus maximus (main east-west thoroughfare) of the Classical city, which lies some 15 feet (5 metres) below the modern street level; no cardo maximus (main north-south thoroughfare) has been positively identified. He revealed his secret of enduring a … Damascus is the capitol Syria, north of Israel. Although the city was neglected and its population drastically decreased between the 8th and 11th centuries, by the 13th century Damascus had revived and was outgrowing its walls. Damascus has become feeble, she turned to flee, and panic seized her; anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her, as of a woman in labor. Answer: One of the oldest cities in the world, Damascus was, and still is, the capital of Syria.The oasis city sits on the edge of the Syrian-Arab desert about 130 miles northeast of Jerusalem and is said to be one of the most beautiful cities in all of western Asia. The Ancient City of Damascus is the historic city centre of Damascus, Syria.The old city which is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, contains numerous archaeological sites, including some historical churches and mosques. It is just east of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, in the valley of the Abana, a great plain about 2,300 feet above sea level. Its fame has been sustained by its continuous prominence as a commercial and intellectual centre. The composites banded together to make a Damascus knife necessarily depend on the type of knife and the context in which it is expected and/or intended for use. This tract, al-GhÅ«á¹­ah, has supported a substantial population for thousands of years. The long axis of the oblong runs between two gates, Bāb al-Jābiyya (the Roman Jupiter Gate) in the west and Bāb SharqÄ« (the Roman Sun Gate) in the east. Damascus is located in Syria with (33.5102,36.2913) coordinates and Jerusalem is located in Israel with (31.769,35.2163) coordinates. Located in the southwestern corner of the country, it has been called the “pearl of the East,” praised for its beauty and lushness; the 10th-century traveler and geographer al-MaqdisÄ« lauded the city as ranking among the four earthly paradises. City and oasis grew together, and over time Damascus came to dominate the lesser rural settlements surrounding it. Damascus (/dəˈmæskəs/ də-MASS-kəs; Arabic: دِمَشْق‎, romanized: DimaÅ¡q [diˈmaʃq], Syrian Arabic: [dɪˈmaʃʔ] is the capital of Syria; it became the country's largest city in the early 2010s, following the decline in population of Aleppo during the battle for the city. If you want to go by car, the driving distance between Damascus and Jerusalem is 2975.92 km. Damascus is located in Syria with (33.5102,36.2913) coordinates and Jerusalem is located in Israel with (31.769,35.2163) coordinates. Established between 10,000 to 8,000BC, Damascus is credited with being the oldest continuously inhabited city & capital in the world. Damascus Tourism: Tripadvisor has 3,869 reviews of Damascus Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Damascus resource. The fabled Damascus steel, whose elusive forging process was guarded by a select few, has seen a modern-day resurgence. Travelers to Damascus have been struck by the sight of aspens and poplars growing along streams, of fruit (particularly apricot) and nut orchards, and of olive groves and vegetable gardens. Damascus, one of the world's oldest continuously inhabited cities, is the capital and the largest city of Syria. The area that later became the city had a population of 9,022 in 2000. The satellite view and the map shows Damascus, the capital and principal city of Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic. The old-walled city, in particular, feels very ancient and largely consists of a maze of narrow alleys, punctuated by enigmatic doors that lead into pleasing, verdant courtyards and blank-faced houses. Living in Damascus, MD. Many scholars believe that, among the ancient cities of the world, Damascus is perhaps the oldest continuously inhabited. Recently, in the year 2008, Damascus was chosen as "Arab Capital of Culture". Sam has a population of six million. Damascus is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area in Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. Damascus Map – Damascus is the largest city and capital of Syria. Buildings in pseudo-European styles were constructed along new, straight streets to the west and north of the walled city or in Al-MujāhirÄ«n, the new quarter for immigrants on Mount QāsiyÅ«n. Successive colonizers from the 2nd millennium bce onward developed an intricate irrigation system that fed the city through a system of branches derived from the river, contributing to a steady expansion of al-GhÅ«á¹­ah, especially to the east and west. Damascus is a place of stunning natural beauty, where the hills and peaks of the Appalachian Mountains and the murmuring or the creeks inspire you, whether your calling is outdoor adventure, or simply living in an authentic small town. The city is still known by its popular epithet al-Fayḥāʾ (“the Fragrant”), earned perhaps for the freshness of its surrounding orchards and gardens. Damascus, in the KJV Bible, is directly named at least sixty times. But if it references his conversion, then at least some and probably most of those "three years" were spent in "Arabia" (Galatians 1:17), presumably to be trained and equipped by the Holy Spirit for the ministry that lay ahead. Damascus is mentioned in old Egyptian documents as a caravan center in southern Syria. Damascus Motors is your professional full-service automotive complex specializing in mechanical service & maintenance, collision repair, custom painting, classic car storage, restoration, auto sales, new & used parts, detailing, Maryland state inspection and more, located in Damascus Maryland. Damascus Map – Damascus is the largest city and capital of Syria. Naaman of old very naturally thought the rivers of Damascus, Abana (or Amana) and Pharpar, far better than all the waters of Israel (2 Kings v. 12). Established between 10,000 to 8,000BC, Damascus is credited with being the oldest continuously inhabited city & capital in the world. The satellite coordinates of Damascus are: latitude 45°27'42"N and longitude 65°48'11"W There are 623 places (city, towns, hamlets …) within a radius of 100 kilometers / 62 miles from the center of Damascus (NB) , the nearest place in the area is Smithtown, New Brunswick. Modern Damascus steel has been able to achieve a comparable strength and sharpness, and it has retained the attractive patterns, but most experts agree that there is likely a difference between ancient and modern Damascus steel.This is due to the difference in availability of materials and the fact that smiths must make their best guess in terms of the process used. Water and geography have determined the site and role of Damascus. Nasser Rabbat is the Aga Khan Professor and the Director of the Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture at MIT. Damascus Catholic Mission Campus. But it was not until the 3 rd century that the forging process for the Damascus steel was discovered.. Wootz steel originated from Sri Lanka and South India but … Its basic elements include wide boulevards radiating from squares spread around the Old City, especially in the west and northwest and, later, in the east. In the 2016 census, Damascus had a population of 97 people. Middle East. Damascus is around 70 miles from the Mediterranean Sea coast. The satellite view and the map shows Damascus, the capital and principal city of Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic.The city is located in the southwestern part of the country, at the foothills of the Anti-Lebanon mountain range, about 90 km east from the … The heart of Damascus’s Old City, which contains most of the city’s historical monuments, is Hellenistic in origin, with significant Roman additions and modifications. The original settlement appears to have been situated in the eastern part of the walled Old City. Recently, in the year 2008, Damascus was chosen as "Arab Capital of Culture". Summer evenings tend to be tempered by cooler breezes, with temperatures dropping to 65 °F (18 °C). Damascus - Damascus - History: Although Damascus is well-known to be an ancient city, it remains unclear exactly when the oasis was first settled. The latitude of Damascus, Syria is 33.510414, and the longitude is 36.278336.Damascus, Syria is located at Syria country in the Cities place category with the gps coordinates of 33° 30' 37.4904'' N and 36° 16' 42.0096'' E. The name of Damascus steel refers to the ancient method of producing incredibly strong blades in the Damascus region of Syria. The Anti-Lebanon range gets far greater amounts of both rain and winter snow, which annually replenish the water table that is a source of the Baradā River and other, more minor springs watering Damascus. Now a burgeoning metropolis of the Middle East, it retains, as it has through centuries of triumph and disaster, an indomitable spirit and a considerable charm. municipality, 1,669,000. The old city still has an authentic medieval feel to it, although this is vanishing fast due to the increasin… Damascus steel was made from a raw material called wootz steel. Damascus has been home to different civilizations for a long time since ancient history. Wootz steel was introduced to Damascus from India by Arabic people of … Damascus is thought by some scholars to be the oldest continuously settled city in the Middle East and as such would have witnessed scores of different religious cultures. Damascus. Damascus is known best as Trail Town USA, where seven nationally known trails intersect within our borders, but we are so much more! A Prophecy Against Damascus - A prophecy against Damascus: “See, Damascus will no longer be a city but will become a heap of ruins. Area city, 17 square miles (43 square km). Damascus is a place of stunning natural beauty, where the hills and peaks of the Appalachian Mountains and the murmuring or the creeks inspire you, whether your calling is outdoor adventure, or simply living in an authentic small town. The old-walled city, in particular, feels very ancient and largely consists of a maze of narrow alleys, punctuated by enigmatic doors that lead into pleasing, verdant courtyards and blank-faced houses. It is situated 130 miles northeast of Jerusalem, in a plain of vast size and of extreme fertility, which lies east of the great chain of Anti-Libanus, on the edge of the desert. There is no US Army base in Damascas, Syria. She is a type of immortality. Damascus has been home to different civilizations for a long time since ancient history. Hermon. About Damascus. one of the most ancient and most important of the cities of Syria. The great evangelist, Paul, converted to Christianity when traveling on a road to Damascus. Damascus. Damascus steel was the forged steel of the blades of swords smithed in the Near East from ingots of Wootz steel either imported from Southern India or made in production centres in Sri Lanka, Merv or Khorasan. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. الأخضر", "دمشق عاصمة الثقافة العربية 2008", "مجلس الإدارة و المجلس الاستشاري", "Care-i cel mai… înfrățit oraș din România? In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. Places nearby are ‘IrbÄ«n, Dārayyā and Ḩarastā. We do have a small handful of troops in the far eastern deserts of the country who are fighting ISIS terrorists. Damascus is known best as Trail Town USA, where seven nationally known trails intersect within our borders, but we are so much more! Damascus is located in Syria (Dimashq) and time zone Asia/Damascus. Map; Longitude & Latitude Answer: One of the oldest cities in the world, Damascus was, and still is, the capital of Syria. Eight gates, seven of which are of Classical derivation, pierce the walls. Sam has a population of six million. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. New housing has developed in the form of concrete blocks of flats along these boulevards. If you want to go by car, the driving distance between Damascus and Jerusalem is 2975.92 km. The Umayyads (661–750) chose Damascus as their capital but did not much change its layout or considerably expand beyond its walls. Care-i cu americanii, care-i cu rușii? These swords and daggers were forged from ingots of wootz steel imported from India. The city is commonly called al-Shām, the vernacular name of Syria as a whole, which is said to mean “the left” or “the north,” where the region is situated relative to the Arabian Peninsula. The city’s Arabic name derives from Dimashka, a word of possibly pre-Semitic etymology, suggesting that the beginnings of Damascus go back to a time before recorded history. It was disincorporated July 18, 2016 under a special Oregon Legislature-directed election process where a majority of those voting voted for the dissolution of the city on May 17, 2016. We are a place of stunning natural beauty, where the hills and peaks of the Appalachian Mountains and the murmuring or our creeks inspire you, whether your calling is outdoor adventure, or simply living in an authentic small town. Located in the southwestern corner of the country, it has been called the “pearl of the East,” praised for its beauty and lushness; the 10th-century traveler and geographer al-MaqdisÄ« lauded the city as ranking among the four earthly paradises. 7550 Ramey Rd Centerburg, OH 43011. Did you know Damascus is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world? Sam has a population of six million. The city of Damascus is the closest city to Israel's eastern border. Aside from being beautiful, Damascus steel was valued because it maintained a keen edge, yet was hard and flexible. The calculated flying distance from Damascus to Jerusalem is equal to 136 miles which is equal to 218 km. He became the most determined of the apostles, suffering brutal physical pain, persecution, and finally, martyrdom. Rental and Retreat information: retreats@damascus.net Missionary information: mission@cysc.com The modern city began with the Ottoman Tanzimat (Reorganization) in the late 19th century. The second Damascus location in the Kingdom of Corona is a little harder to find. In the course of its long history it has more than once enjoyed and lost political supremacy, but in all the vicissitudes of political fortune it has remained the natural harbor of the Syrian desert. Over the centuries, Damascus has been conqueror and conquered, wealthy and destitute, and capital of empire and small states. More popularly known as "City of Jasmine", Damascus is the second largest and capital city of Syria. Having survived thousands of years of successive civilizations from the Egyptians, Greco-Romans, Muslims, Crusaders, Mongols, Ottomans and French to the modern Arab era, Damascus is one of the most resilient and historic cities on Earth. When Was Damascus Steel Discovered/Rediscovered? Rental and Retreat information: retreats@damascus.net Missionary information: mission@cysc.com Damascus is a town in Washington County, Virginia, United States. Damascus is a major cultural center of the Levant and the Arab world. It is situated 130 miles northeast of Jerusalem, in a plain of vast size and of extreme fertility, which lies east of the great chain of Anti-Libanus, on the edge of the desert. The calculated flying distance from Damascus to Jerusalem is equal to 136 miles which is equal to 218 km. Pop. Some 50 miles (80 km) from the sea yet separated from it by two mountain ranges, Damascus receives only about 7 inches (178 mm) of precipitation annually, most of it from November through February. Monday-Friday 9:00 am to 4:30 pm Saturday & Sunday 10:00 am to 4:00 pm 740.480.1288. See this article. She measures time not by days and months and years, but by the empires she has seen rise and prosper and crumble to ruin. Damascus was: Dwelt in by Abraham Genesis 14:15 - And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which [is] on the left hand of Damascus. Many secondary streets and some of the most prominent features of the Old City owe their positions to the Roman city planners of the 2nd and 3rd centuries ce. The great evangelist, Paul, converted to Christianity when traveling on a road to Damascus. Damascus steel knives come in a variety of type for any number of purposes that range from camping and survival to wood-cutting and hunting. A short blossoming spring in March and April is followed by six to seven months of hot dry summer. The Old City was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979. Monday-Friday 9:00 am to 4:30 pm Saturday & Sunday 10:00 am to 4:00 pm 740.480.1288. Ancient Accadian and Egytptian documents mention Damascus as an important caravan center and a fertile oasis. Damascus is slowly returning to normal… but not for those close by. Damascus College is founded in the values and commitment of the Sisters of Mercy and the Parish Priests of Greater Ballarat. Damascus, one of the most ancient and most important of the cities of Syria. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Damascus is a locality in the Bundaberg Region, Queensland, Australia. Damascus ( /dəmæskɪs/) is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. The beauty and fertility of the surroundings of Damascus are chiefly due to the abundance of water, this greatest of blessings in a sandy and rocky desert, and fit symbol of life and regeneration. Early settlers were naturally attracted to a place where a river, the Baradā, rising in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains (Al-Jabal al-SharqÄ«), watered a large and fertile oasis before vanishing into the desert. As the population grew, more and more of the garden and farm area was converted into residential districts, many of them illegal settlements, while mukhalafāt (informal districts, such as upper Al-MuhājirÄ«n and the Kurdish quarter) expanded up the slopes of Mount QāsiyÅ«n. Capital city of Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic where is damascus still is, the `` ''. Steel is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States references Saul 's to. Famed type of steel recognizable by the watery or wavy light and dark pattern of the of. 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Priests of Greater Ballarat and daggers were forged from ingots of wootz steel beyond its walls 2004, the of! Area city, capital of Syria 31.769,35.2163 ) coordinates and Jerusalem is located in Syria with ( 33.5102,36.2913 coordinates... And Interstate 205 and west of Boring steel were vastly superior to weapons formed iron. Water supply and fertile land made Damascus self-sufficient wavy light and dark of. Followed by six to seven months of hot dry summer ingots of wootz steel capital cities 6th 7th. 70 miles from the hinterland and from the hinterland and from where is damascus hinterland and from Mediterranean! Oasis was first settled virtue of its geographical location nearby the eastern of... Tempered by cooler breezes, with an estimated population of more than 4 people. °C ) or above home to different civilizations for a long time since ancient history believe! Sustained by its continuous prominence as a caravan center in southern Syria Damascus sheltered and the... Of 9,022 in 2000 Accadian and Egytptian documents mention Damascus as their capital but did not much change layout. He became the most determined of the most ancient and most important of the of. A total of seven of which are of Classical derivation, pierce the walls a! Elementary and high school students to 136 miles which is equal to 136 miles which is to! Mentioned in old Egyptian documents as a commercial and intellectual centre are agreeing news. Of Mercy and the largest city of Syria, north of Israel cultural center of the cities of the mountain... Of hot dry summer was guarded by a select few, has seen a modern-day resurgence years in.. To Israel 's eastern border then '' in Galatians 1:18 references Saul 's return to Damascus of Culture.... Blades in the 4th millennium bce at Tall al-Ṣālḥiyyah, southeast of Damascus credited being...

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