distribution of lemon grass

It is very common throughout South-East Asia where it is cultivated as an industrial crop and as a garden ornamental (Oyen, 1999). The essential oil of this plant has been used for hundreds of years in India, especially for treating fever. it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Believed to have a wide range of therapeutic effects, the herb has been used for. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Cymbopogon citratus can be found cultivated and naturalized throughout the tropics and warm subtropics, in warm and humid habitats and along roadsides. Scientia Agraria, 7(1/2):119-120, Graveson, R, 2012. Lemongrass is one of the most popular plant medicines in Brazil, where it is used to treat nervous disorders and stomach problems. Journal of Plantation Crops, 3:43-57, Joy PP, Mathew S, Skaria BP, Mathew G, 2007. Compendium record. Plant Breeding Abstracts, 65(12):1721-1731, Salerno AR, Rebelo AM, 2006. DOI:10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00384-1, Clayton WD, Govaerts R, Harman KT, Williamson H, Vorontsova M, 2016. Gruenwald, Joerg. Aromatic Plants. Moawad S S, 2003. It should be noted that this study did not involve a placebo group, which is usually used to help measure the effects of the agent being studied (in this case, lemongrass oil). Classification of East African Crops. Plants like lots of heat, light, and moisture: Provide this, and your lemongrass will … Only the fresh or dried leaves of lemongrass, and the essential oil derived from them, are used as a drug. In: Flora of China. Results of a field study in Bolivia. Agropecuaria Catarinense, 19(2):47-49, Salerno AR, Rebelo AM, Silva AA Jr, 2004. Press, Bertea CM, Tesio M, Agostino GD, Buffa G, Camusso W, Bossi S, Mucciarelli M, Scannerini S, Maffei M, 2003. Citral a fragrance allergen and irritant. control in Brassica. The castor seed, or bean, is the source of numerous economi…, Description An ethnopharmacological survey in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Japanese Journal of Medical Mycology, 44(4):285-291, Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Strong, M. T., 2012. This citral smell of oil makes its use in herbal products, detergents, scented soaps, and insect repellent making. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae and Danthonioideae, [ed. Volatile constituents of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus Stapf grown in Zambia. Noel B, Amrine J, Kovacs A, 2002. Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Tropical Horticulture. The leaves and the oil are used to make medicine. The used tea bags can also be applied externally as fungi-fighting compresses, according to the author. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 14(5):382-387; 34 ref, Cimanga K, Kambu K, Tona L, Apers S, Bruyne T, Hermans N, Totte J, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ, 2002. Survey of medicinal plants and their application in the country village "Serra dos Dourados" - Umuarama/PR. World Checklist of Poaceae. In: Chomchalow N, Henle HV, eds. It is a refreshing beverage, lemongrass tea is a temping healthy drink. Lemon grass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus) Lemon grass ( Cymbopogon flexuosus) [ 8 ], also called Cochin grass or Malabar grass, is native to India, Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Thailand, and Burma. Citral, a key chemical found in Cymbopogon citratus, is an ingredient in a variety of foods and beverages (including alcohol). Oparaeke A M, 2006. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 9(5):569-574, Singh MP, Malla SB, Rajbhandari SB, Manandhar A, 1980. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Pathology. In vitro effect of lemongrass oil and crude extracts of some higher plants on Rhizoctonia solani. Australasian Plant Pathology, 28(4):336; 4 ref, Silva AI, Santana CS, Pivato SCL, Maria CAB, Moreira RFA, 2006. East African Medical Journal. Kulturpflanze 38, 173-190, Handa SS, Kaul MK, 1997. London, UK: Longman, Ram M, Singh R, et al, 1997. Once the responders stopped taking lemongrass, their cholesterol returned to previous levels. "Effect of the Cymbopogon citratus, Maytenus ilicifolia, and Baccharis genistelloides Extracts Against the Stannous Chloride Oxidative Damage in Escherichia coli. " Natural Product Research. Many homemakers in East Asia, however, pick them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. N.S. . Stapf. Cymbopogon citratus rarely produces seeds, and it spreads mostly vegetatively by rhizomes and tillers (Oyen, 1999). Lemon grass oil is the volatile oil obtained from the leaves and aerial parts of Cymbopogon citrates and Cymbopogon flexuosus. In: Econ. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, 24(1), 36-44. http://cbpv.org.br/rbpv/documentos/2412015/04_rbpvAO0117.pdf, Pohl RW, 1980. ." Not to be confused with lemon balm , which is an entirely different herb, lemongrass is considered by herbalists to have several useful properties, including antibacterial, antifungal, and fever-reducing effects. Melo, S. F., S. F. Soares, R. F. da Costa, et al. Aside from folk medicine, lemongrass is a favorite ingredient in Thai cuisine and dishes that boast a tangy, Asian flavor. Principles of Tzeltal Plant Classification. Evaluation of five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon for controlling seed-borne bacteria of rice (Oryza sativa L.). 94 (3), 329-334. 14 (5), 382-387. West Indian lemongrass is the type most commonly used for cooking and in perfumes. Bulletin of the National Research Centre (Cairo). A comparative study of some essentials oils for potential use in topical applications for the treatment of the yeast Candida albicans. Rust disease on lemongrass in California. Practical Aromatherapy. Species Profile Geography and distribution Lemon grass is native to Indonesia, and introduced and cultivated in most of the tropics, including Africa, South America and Indo-China. New host record for Bipolaris specifera (Bainier) Subram. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 5(2):61-64, Leung AY, Foster S, 1996. Mishra L N, Pathak R A, Pandey A K, Bhanu Pratap, Singh S K, 2002. Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemongrass) is one of the potential herbaceous sources for the extraction of silica. Duke JA, Vasquez R, 1994. Poaceae is one of the largest Angiosperm families, including 707 genera and about 11,337 species widely distributed in all regions of the world (Stevens, 2016). Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Covich AP, Nickerson NH, 1966. Monocotyledons. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Indian Perfumer, 29 (3/4), 215-224, Pauli FF, Opazo MAU, N=brega LHP, 2002. Revista Brasileira de Ciencias Farmaceuticas, 41(1):85-94, Madia M, Gaetan S, 2004. Medicinal plants of Nepal - retrospects and prospects. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 54 (September 2002): 1257-1263. Enfield, New Hampshire, USA: Science Publishers, Inc, 291-297, Thomas J, 1995. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden.http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Subrahmanyam KV, Gajanana TM, 2001. New plant disease records in New Zealand: miscellaneous fungal pathogens III. Are mosquitoes diverted from repellent-using individuals to non-users? [Proceedings of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Thailand, 1-4-February, Subject: Plants], 632-640. by Zuloaga, F. O., Morrone, O., Davidse, G., Filgueiras, T. S., Peterson, P. M., Soreng, R. J., Judziewicz, E. ]. Hack. In the Amazon, lemongrass is highly regarded as a sedative tea. Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of Cymbopogon citratus essential oil from Cuba and Brazil against housefly. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Antibacterial properties of essential oils from six medicinal plants. The effect of carrier and rate of nitrogen application on the growth and oil production of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in the Ord Irrigation Area, Western Australia. Servicio de Extensión Agrícola.28 pp. The so called East Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) , also known as Malabar or Cochin grass is native to India , Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand ; for the related West Indian lemon grass (C. citratus), a Malesian origin is generally assumed. Cymbopogon is closely related to Andropogon, Chrysopogon and Hyparrhenia, leading to taxonomic complications and frequent misidentification of species within these genera (Flora of China, 2016). Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 20(2):407-412, Rao GN, Rao SJ, Ananthanarayanan K, Shahi SK, Patra M, Shukla AC, Dikshit A, 2005. 32 (1), 115-116. Hamdard Medicus. The C4 biochemical pathway and the anatomy of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. ix + 497 + 18 plates. Press. Organic treatment IPM for honey bee mites. Revegetation of coal mine overburden dump (OBD) slopes by aromatic grasses. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Gainesville, Florida, USA: University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service.http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/shrub_fact_sheets/cymcita.pdf, Gomes EC, Negrelle RRB, limao C, 2006. Cymbopogon citratus grows best under sunny, warm and humid conditions at elevations below 750 m, with mean annual temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C and mean annual rainfall between 2500-3000 mm. Cymbopogon citratus is native to India and Sri Lanka (Clayton et al., 2016). When grown in pots use pots with ample drainage holes and filled with a prepared soil mix. January, 2007. Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. A stalk of freshly cut lemon grass will root in water and grow on in a sunny garden location with regular water. Lebensmittel Wissenschaft und Technologie, 35(4):319-324, Sahoo S, Debata BK, 1995. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies, Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. Effects of the organic and mineral fertilization on lemongrass [Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf. Aromatic Poaceae, hosts of Phoma sorghina in Argentina. Organic treatment IPM for honey bee mites. Tropical-Ecology, 46(2):183-191, Srivastava A, Guleria S, 2003. Poaceae is one of the largest Angiosperm families, including 707 genera and about 11,337 species widely distributed in all regions of the world (Stevens, 2016).The genus Cymbopogon comprises 59 species distributed across the tropics and subtropics of Asia, Africa and Australia (Barkworth et al., 2007; Flora of China, 2016). The essential oil should not be used internally by children, women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, or people with liver or kidney disease. Effect of salicylic acid on the yield and quality of essential oil in aromatic crops. Calcutta, India: Naya Prokash, 633-733, Khan, 1979. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic. Field screening of nine plant extracts for the control of post-flowering insect pests of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Tropical Ecology. Supercritical fluid extraction of essential oil components from lemon scented botanicals. The chromosome number reported for C. citratus is 2n = 40 (Flora of China, 2016). . CABI is a registered EU trademark. 48 (2), 178-194. In: Peter KV, eds. Silica plays a vital role in formation of bone and its maintenance by improving the quality of the bone matrix and facilitating bone mineralization. Isolation of endophytic fungi from some grasses. Citral is a pale yellow liquid that evaporates rapidly at room temperature. Essential oil crops. Lemongrass. The plant can be identified by its tall, striped leaves and fresh lemon-citrus fragrance. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 59(5):263-264, Duhan SPS, Gulati BC, 1973. The Plants of Saint Lucia (in the Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean). The oil can be used in cooking too, and this is generally regarded as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Believed to have a wide range of therapeutic effects, the herb has been used for centuries in South America and India and has also become popular in the United States. The Hague, Netherlands: Dr. W. Junk B.V. 240pp. Spice Description. In: Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru. Recent studies on Cymbopogon Spreng. Response of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) cultivars to spacings and NPK fertilizers under irrigated and rainfed conditions in semi- arid tropics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. ix + 228 pp. A study conducted in rodents suggests that myrcene, a chemical found in the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus, may act as a site-specific pain reliever. Last but not least, the herb has a strong reputation as an insect repellent. Gade DW, 1975. Lemongrass is an herb with a lemony scent. Online database. Zuloaga F O, Morrone O, Davidse G, Filgueiras T S, Peterson P M, Soreng R J, Judziewicz E J, 2003. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Amazonian ethnobotanical dictionary., Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press. Considered an antiseptic and astringent, essential oil of lemongrass is also used by some people to cleanse oily skin and help close pores. In China, C. citratus has been recorded flowering and fruiting during summer (Flora of China, 2016). Essential oil crops., xi + 600 pp. However, ideal conditions for growing lemon grass are warm and humid climate with sufficient sunshine and 250-330 cm rainfall per annum, evenly distributed over most part of the year. Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. 173-190. Field Experiments with micronutrients on the yield of grass, oil and citral content of oil of East Indian lemongrass (C. flexuosus var. Sessile spikelet linear-lanceolate, 5-6 × 0.7 mm; lower glume flat or slightly concave toward base, sharply 2-keeled, keels wingless, scabrid, veinless between keels; upper lemma narrow, entire and awnless, or slightly 2-lobed with 0.2 mm mucro. Because lemongrass has been recommended for so many different purposes, and can be used internally and externally, consumers are advised to consult a doctor experienced in the use of alternative remedies to determine proper dosage. Economics of lemongrass cultivation and production of oil in Kerala. Lemongrass can be used for several different household purposes. Five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon:their antibacterial activity and ability to permeabilize the cytoplasmic membrane of Listeria innocua examined by flow cytometry. Additional notes to the check-list of Korean cultivated plants (4). Lemongrass is an aromatic tropical plant with long, slender green and white blades that can grow up to five feet tall. In St Lucia, C. citratus forms monotypic stands in areas such as Pigeon Island and Dennery and has the potential to spread to dry degraded slopes between Vieux Fort and Micoud (Graveson, 2012). Centro Agrícola, 22(3):87-88; 3 ref, Dubey NK, Kishore N, Varma J, Lee SY, 1997. Hundreds of plants yield essential oils that are used as perfumes,…, Lavender is the shrub-like aromatic plant, Lavandula officinalis, sometimes called Lavandula vera or true lavender. Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. OD-19). Conf. Essential oils of cultivated Cymbopogon winterianus (Jowitt) and of C. citratus (DC) (Stapf) from Zimbabwe. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 8(3):31-35, Filgueiras, TS, 2015. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 79(2):213-220, Clayton, WD, Govaerts, R, Harman, KT, Williamson, H, Vorontsova, M, 2016. In Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, C. citratus appears in herbarium collections made in 1876 and 1860 respectively. Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamannoor, Kerala, India, Joy PP, Skaria BP, Mathew S, Mathew G, Joseph A, 2006. 123-128. Hammer K, Ri J D, Hoang H D, 1990. 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